Energy efficiency and decarbonisation of a small or medium enterprises
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Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) named business that have a certain restrictions on employee number, financials number and usually are family enterprises. Also, SME can separate into medium-sized business, small business and micro-sized business according to personnel or annual revenue of enterprise. According to their purpose SMEs divided into technical, hybrid, instructional, factional and sentinel. Furthermore, due to the fact that economics around the world support young entrepreneurship to develop a portfolio for new enterprises, year by year SME number increasing around the world. Educated young people prefer to benefit from funds and try to begin a new business than working under a large enterprise with minimum advantages. SMEs usually provide the knowledge and expertise in specific subjects, business area or technical area for a project/program Last decades high energy demands and increasing consumption worldwide of electricity and energy demand, create an adjective for SMEs in the sector of expenses. SME try to find solutions to reduce their expenses and many of them try to implement an Energy Management System (EMS) to improve energy efficiency and reduce carbon footprint. Decarbonisation strategies and energy saving measures can change behavior of personnel and consumptions of enterprise. At this thesis, main points are energy efficiency improvement possible solutions with the aid of EMS. Analyze of the most famous EMS about energy efficiency that is ISO50001. Moreover, decarbonisation strategies and possible solutions with a target the reduction of CO2 emissions at enterprises reported. Furthermore, barriers and benefits of those solutions mention. All of the above in thesis are mainly were recorded with analyze of European Union targets and long-term objectives, Cyprus SMEs and Swedish industrial SMEs. Lastly, a case study with electricity consumption, equipment and suggestions to improve energy efficiency of a SME which interest and produce in the sector of coffee, food and frozen products.