A study of cultural values of Cypriot and other countries' workers and their impact on management.
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The aim of this dissertation was to study the cultural values of Cypriot and other countries’ workers and discuss impact management, through a questionnaire answered by 102 Cypriots and 49 others. Cyprus has a high level of power distance related characteristics. Senior executives are less available than their subordinates, communication flows downwards and executives are highly respected. Employees are highly dependent on their superiors while at the same time there is a great distance between them, and they rarely approach or criticize each other. A Cypriot worker who is at a lower hierarchical level characterized by high power distance levels accepts and expects the existence of hierarchy and the different approach between superiors and subordinates. The workers understand that their company offers opportunities to strengthen their skills and knowledge. Cypriots have a low rate of uncertainty avoidance factor which indicates that they are flexible, relaxed, and do not worry when things go wrong. Cypriots are less concerned in cases of ambiguity and uncertainty and are more tolerant of sadden changes. Cyprus is a collectivist country with a low level of individualism. The bonds between the members of society are strong, people are relaxed, and everyone cares for their family. On the collective side, Cypriot workers are integrated into strong and cohesive groups. They want to belong to the community as an extension to their family and believe that to achieve this, they must be tolerant, relaxed, loving, and non-aggressive. They believe in teamwork and collectivity in the workplace. A good working environment, personal time, training, freedom and facing challenges are very important. They see modern education as a valuable component for future success. This shows a future-oriented perspective rather than a conventional historical short-term perspective. On the other hand, they are not very satisfied with their working environment and their co-workers. In business, it is important for Cypriots to build trustworthy and long-term relationships. There is a mid-level in Cyprus regarding male-dominated cultures. Men consider it honorable to take care of their families. In a masculine culture such as Cyprus, the success of a family member adds social value to the whole group (family, friends, etc.). At the workplace, they are motivated by a relaxed friendly atmosphere where both men and women enjoy the same rights. Cypriots agree that an adult should be assertive and energetic in order to acquire the maximum material comfort, social status, and prestige.